Definition: A teaching (prevalent among Catholic bishops in Latin America) that promotes religious activism to address the injustices suffered by the poor. Institutions are seen as reflecting collectivized sin, and must be replaced by new institutions that favor the masses. Theology is seen as being in flux, with new insights needed to replace the ineffective theology of personal transformation. Capitalism is seen as causing economic exploitation. Liberation theology tends toward the Marxist political theory which necessitates a struggle between the capitalists (the haves) and the worker class (the have nots).
Discussion: Much of the economic malaise of Latin America can be traced to exploitation by the Catholic Church. The gospel of Jesus Christ is the only power that can bring real transformation to a society. Salvation from the ravaging power of sin is through trusting in Jesus alone. It is He who blesses the spiritually destitute and transforms lives (2 Cor. 5:17). He brings justice and blessing to the oppressed through the gospel.
Articles & Viewpoints:
- Info from Bill Jackson – Liberation Theology